In the month of March, sales of previously owned homes increased to 6.1 percent. Sales of 5.19 million homes is the highest level we’ve seen since 2013. At the height of the housing bubble prior to the great recession in 2008, existing home sales were as high as 7 million a month in the summer of 2005.
Following the 2008 crisis, existing home sales dropped as low as 3.5 million in June of 2010. While we will probably not see a return to 7 million homes sale in a month, the housing market is most certainly recovering. New home sales have followed a similar pattern, peaking prior to the crisis at 1.25 million in the summer of 2005 and now are averaging around 500,000 new homes per month.
Home sales are driven by new household formation as well as job growth. New household formation is defined as individuals who are between the ages of 25 and 35 moving out of their parents’ basements to live on their own. While many people in the millennial generation prefer to rent, some are becoming first-time home buyers which is driving entry-level housing sales. Payroll growth has been robust with the unemployment rate dropping from 10 percent post-financial crisis to only 5.5 percent. There is a strong correlation with home sales and payroll growth as people become more secure in their employment … home sales follow.
Housing supply is low relative to historical rates with less than 5 months of supply. During the downturn, inventory ballooned to more than 12 months of supply. A lack of supply is driving prices higher in many markets also fueled by low interest rates.
Anecdotally there are tales of home buyer bidding wars in tight markets and other frenzied 2006 housing bubble behavior. According to the S&P/Case Shiller Home Price Index, home prices in the U.S. have only recovered 54 percent of the value lost since 2006. The most important difference between housing activity now and prior to the downturn is that lending requirements are much more stringent than in the past. Gone are the days of stated income loans, also known as liar loans, and no-money-down subprime lending. Lending requirements now require actual income and asset verification as well as a 20 percent down payment.
Our Takeaway for the Week
o Despite positive housing news, we do not think this industry is heading into bubble territory